Buddha Biography

Buddha Biography

- (Present) | 89 Quotes
Also Knows As:  Prince Siddhartha Gautama
Professions:  Art Subject Organization founder Literature Subject Founding Figure Deity
Biography:  

Gautama Buddha or Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha, also called Sakyamuni, was a sage from the ancient Shakya republic, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is also referred to as "the Buddha" or most commonly simply as "Buddha." Buddha means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one." "Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in an era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha of our age, Gautama Buddha may also be referred to as Shakyamuni Buddha, kyamuni or "The Awakened One of the Shakya Clan." Gautama taught a Middle Way compared to the severe asceticism found in the Sramana movement common in his region. He later taught throughout regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala. The time of Gautama's birth and death is uncertain: most historians in the early 20th century dated his lifetime as circa 563 BCE to 483 BCE, but more recent opinion dates his death to between 486 and 483 BCE or, according to some, between 411 and 400 BCE. However, at a specialist symposium on this question held in 1988 in Gottingen, the majority of those scholars who presented definite opinions gave dates within 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha's death, with others supporting earlier or later dates. These alternative chronologies, however, have not yet been accepted by all other historians.

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